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Common Weave Types
When working with wire cloth, it’s important to understand that there are several different types of traditional weaves to choose from. The kind of pattern you decide to work with will depend on what you would like to make with it.
The most commonly used type of design is the Plain Weave. It is the simplest wire cloth weave. This kind of weave features warp wire, which is a wire running parallel to the length of the cloth. Each warp wire will pass alternately over and under the wire running through the fabric at 90-degree angles. There are several practical uses for this type of cloth, making it very popular.
Another type of weave is the Dutch Weave. This pattern is made with a coarse mesh, such as mesh wire, woven wire mesh, and wire mesh basket, in the warp. It is made of a fine mesh with smaller wire in the fill. The two types of mesh create greater strength and very narrow openings. The Dutch Weave is mostly used as a filter cloth.
The Twilled Weave is another type of weave. To create a Twilled Weave, each fill wire should be passed alternately over and under two warp wires. This type of weave gives the appearance of parallel diagonal lines. Twilled Weave differs from Plain Weave because it allows the use of proportionately heavier wires in a particular mesh count. This cloth can support greater loads and finer filtrations.
One more type of weave is the Twilled Dutch Weave. You create this kind of weave by combining the Dutch Weave and the Twilled Weave. The fill wires are passed alternately over and under two warp wires. This combination forms a fine mesh in one direction and a coarse mesh in the other direction. The Twilled Dutch Weave is commonly used in applications where the filtering of heavy material is needed.