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Common Terms: Wire Cloth

Before purchasing woven wire cloth, there are a few things to understand. Below are the common terms that all consumers should know before making a purchase.

Calendering - This rolling operation flattens the knuckles of wire cloth. It gives the material a smoother surface.
Fill Wire - Also known as shute wire; this term refers to the wire running across the width of the cloth.
Hardware Cloth - This term refers to a plain weave square mesh cloth. After weaving, it produces a relatively light wire.
Mesh - The mesh of cloth is the number of openings per lineal inch. This number is measured from center of wire to center of the wire.
Oil Tempered Wire - This high carbon steel wire is heat resistant. The resistance allows it to produce good strength and abrasion resistance.
Rectangular Mesh - This wire cloth features different warp and fill wire mesh counts. The different warp and mesh counts create rectangular openings. The advantages of a rectangular mesh are reduced costs and an increased open area.
Test Sieves - This test is a practice or procedure that will measure the particle size distribution of a granular material.
Weaves - This refers to the pattern in which a wire is interwoven.
Wire Diameter or Gauge - This is the diameter of wire used in weaving cloth.